The terms and definitions on this page are relevant to criminal cases in the State of Michigan, United States of America, unless noted otherwise. Criminal laws and procedures in other states and countries may be very different.

Do not take legal action solely in reliance on the information posted on this page!

This page provides general information that is intended, but not guaranteed, to be correct, complete and up-to-date. Do not rely, for legal advice, on information given on this page or any externally referenced Internet sites. If you need legal advice upon which you intend to rely in the course of your legal affairs, consult a competent attorney in your area.

If the word you're looking for does not appear on this list, check one of the following websites: Law.com or Nolo’s Law Dictionary.


The legal system can be filled with confusing phrases and terms. This list should help you to understand that system a little better.

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  • Evidence presented orally and under oath by witnesses during trials or other court proceedings.


  • The official record of the testimony adduced in a trial or hearing.

Transfer Case

  • Petitions are issued by the prosecutor in the county where the offenses occurred. But a case may be transferred to the Family Court in the county where the juvenile lives for adjudication and disposition, with the consent of both counties' courts. The county-of-residence is responsible for monitoring and rehabilitating their youth.

Truth in Sentencing

  • Legislation requiring offenders to serve their entire minimum sentence without reduction for good behavior. These prisoners may also have their minimum sentence extended for "bad behavior" while in prison. These prisoners are not eligible for placement in a corrections center or on electronic monitoring ("tether"). The law went into effect 12/15/1998.

Turner Hearing

  • Based on People v Turner, 390 Mich 7 (1973), a hearing to determine whether a defendant was entrapped by law enforcement officials into committing an offense.