Isolation and Quarantine

Information for People In Isolation or Quarantine

Quarantine or isolation: What's the difference?

Quarantine keeps someone who might have been exposed to the virus away from others.
Isolation keeps someone who is infected with the virus away from others, even in their home.

Who needs to quarantine? 

People who have been in close contact with someone who has COVID-19—excluding people who have had COVID-19 within the past 3 months.
People who have tested positive for COVID-19 do not need to quarantine or get tested again for up to 3 months as long as they do not develop symptoms again. People who develop symptoms again within 3 months of their first bout of COVID-19 may need to be tested again if there is no other cause identified for their symptoms.

What is Quarantine?
When a person who is not sick is told to stay home because they have been exposed to someone who is sick.

  • Quarantine usually lasts 14 days. The local health department will tell them when it is safe to leave home.
  • If a person develops symptoms of COVID-19 during quarantine they will be told to isolate and get tested.

  What counts as close contact?

  • You were within 6 feet of someone who has COVID-19 for a total of 15 minutes or more
  • You provided care at home to someone who is sick with COVID-19
  • You had direct physical contact with the person (hugged or kissed them)
  • You shared eating or drinking utensils
  • They sneezed, coughed, or somehow got respiratory droplets on you

Who needs to isolate? 

People who have COVID-19:

  • People who have symptoms of COVID-19 and are able to recover at home
  • People who have no symptoms (are asymptomatic) but have tested positive for infection with SARS-CoV-2

What is Isolation?
When a person who is sick, is asked to stay home and limit interactions with others, even people they live with. This includes anyone who:

  • Tests positive and has symptoms.
  • Tests positive, but has no symptoms.
  • Has symptoms, but has not been tested.
  • The local health department may call and require a person to isolate.

Dos and Don'ts of Isolation and Quarantine

DO

  • Limit interaction with those around you. Stay in a separate room, like a bedroom, away from others in your home. Use a different bathroom if you can.
  • Wear a mask or cloth face covering. Make sure it covers your nose and mouth. Remember to stay 6 feet away from people and pets. People who are near you should also wear a mask or cloth face covering that covers their nose and mouth.
  • Use meal or grocery delivery services when possible or ask family and friends for help.
  • Clean and disinfect things you touch, like light switches, doorknobs, tables and remotes.
  • Wash your hands often. Use soap and water for at least 20 seconds. If you do not have soap and water, use hand sanitizer with at least 60% alcohol.
  • Cover cough and sneezes. Cough or sneeze into your elbow or a tissue, then wash your hands.
  • Consider people living with you. If you live with someone with health conditions, think about whether there are other places you can stay while you get well.

DON'T

  • Don’t leave home, unless you need medical care.
  • Don’t share personal items. Things like dishes, towels, and bedding should not be shared, even with family. 
  • Don’t use public transportation, if you have another choice.


Resources and More information

CDC Website Pages Regarding Isolation and Quarantine

Michigan Department of Health and Human Services Website

If you need help with anything, including food, housing, clothing, or other life necessities while you are under isolation or quarantine due to COVID-19, please call us at 1-800-815-5485.